So why then could hemp not compete with the tree? The answer is simple: the industrial revolution of the 19th century and capitalism of the 20th century.
Widespread literacy among the population has greatly increased the demand for paper, which had to be met.
The first machines used in paper production could not process rough hemp fibers.
It was necessary to find a simpler in processing and cheap material. Such material became wood sawdust.
In the 20 years of the twentieth century, due to the improvement of industrial production in the hemp, there was a second chance.
But the revolution in paper production did not happen. By that time, a powerful wood pellet paper industry was already established.
Around the same time, an information campaign against cannabis was launched as the most dangerous drug. As a result, the volume of crops was sharply reduced and hemp lost its industrial significance.
At present, the world is the next stage in the development (revival) of the hemp industry and the people are viewing their attitude towards this unique plant. Industry is once again beginning to pay attention to alternative raw materials for paper production. To this end, we are pushing for increasingly stringent restrictions on deforestation.
In general, we can say that the most acute problems of the production cycle of cannabis paper have already been resolved. But for the introduction of hemp in large paper production, it is necessary to develop technologies that allow the removal of fibrous masses of silicates and hemicellulose effectively. When such a solution is found, modern paper mills will be able to switch to cannabis raw materials without additional retrofitting costs.